Association between dietary behaviors and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities in school-aged children

Subin Park, Soo Churl Cho, Yun Chul Hong, Se Young Oh, Jae Won Kim, Min Sup Shin, Boong Nyun Kim, Hee Jeong Yoo, In Hee Cho, Soo Young Bhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We aimed to comprehensively investigate the associations between a wide range of measures of dietary behaviors and learning disabilities and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in community-dwelling Korean children in order to generate hypotheses for future work. The present study included 986 children [507 boys, 479 girls; mean (S.D.) age = 9.1 (0.7) years] recruited from five South Korean cities. Children's dietary behaviors were assessed by the mini-dietary assessment (MDA) for Koreans. It consists of ten items to assess the level of intake of dairy products, high-protein foods, vegetables, fried foods, fatty meats, salt, and sweetened desserts and whether the subject is eating three regular meals and has a balanced diet. Learning disability was assessed via the Learning Disability Evaluation Scale (LDES). ADHD was assessed via the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children version-IV and the ADHD rating scale, and ADHD-related behavioral problems were assessed via the Child Behavior Checklist. After adjusting for potential confounders, a high intake of sweetened desserts, fried food, and salt is associated with more learning, attention, and behavioral problems, whereas a balanced diet, regular meals, and a high intake of dairy products and vegetables is associated with less learning, attention, and behavioral problems. Our data suggest that existing encouraged dietary habits mostly have beneficial effects on learning, attention, and behavioral problems in Korean children. These findings are in general the same results in other studies on ADHD children in other countries. However, the cross-sectional study design prevents our ability to assess causal relationships.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-476
Number of pages9
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume198
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2012

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Learning Disorders
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Dairy Products
Child Behavior
Learning
Food
Meals
Salts
Vegetable Proteins
Disability Evaluation
Diet
Independent Living
Aptitude
Feeding Behavior
Checklist
Vegetables
Meat
Appointments and Schedules
Cross-Sectional Studies
Eating

Keywords

  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Child behavior
  • Diet
  • Learning disability

Cite this

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Association between dietary behaviors and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities in school-aged children. / Park, Subin; Cho, Soo Churl; Hong, Yun Chul; Oh, Se Young; Kim, Jae Won; Shin, Min Sup; Kim, Boong Nyun; Yoo, Hee Jeong; Cho, In Hee; Bhang, Soo Young.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 198, No. 3, 15.08.2012, p. 468-476.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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