Assessment of T1 Slope Minus Cervical Lordosis and C2-7 Sagittal Vertical Axis Criteria of a Cervical Spine Deformity Classification System Using Long-Term Follow-up Data after Multilevel Posterior Cervical Fusion Surgery

Seung Jae Hyun, Sanghyun Han, Ki Jeong Kim, Tae Ahn Jahng, Hyun Jib Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, previous research proposed a cervical spine deformity (CSD) classification using a modified Delphi approach. However, C2-C7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and T1 slope minus C2-C7 lordosis (TS-CL) cut-off values for moderate and severe disability were based on expert opinion. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the validity of a CSD classification system. METHODS: From 2007 to 2012, 30 consecutive patients with a minimum 5-yr follow-up having 3- or more level posterior cervical fusion met inclusion criteria. The following radiographic parameters were measured: C0-C2 lordosis, C2-C7 lordosis, C2-C7 SVA, T1 slope, and TS-CL. Pearson correlation coefficientswere calculated between pairs of radiographic measures and health-related quality of life. RESULTS: Average follow-up period was 7.3 yr. C2-C7 SVA positively correlated with neck disability index (NDI) scores (r=0.554). Regression models predicted a threshold C2-C7 SVA value of 40.8mmand 70.6mmcorrelated with moderate and severe disability based on the NDI score, respectively. The TS-CL had positive correlation with C2-C7 SVA and NDI scores (r = 0.841 and r = 0.625, respectively). Regression analyses revealed that a C2-C7 SVA value of 40 mm and 70 mm corresponded to a TS-CL value of 20? and 25?, respectively. CONCLUSION: Regression models predicted a threshold C2-C7 SVA (value of 40.8mmand 70.6 mm) and TS-CL (value of 20? and 25?) correlated withmoderate and severe disability based on the NDI, respectively. The cut-off value C2-C7 SVA and TS-CL modifier of the CSD classification can be revised accordingly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-26
Number of pages7
JournalOperative Neurosurgery
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Cervical lordosis
  • Cervical spine
  • Classification
  • Sagittal alignment
  • Spinal deformity
  • T1 slope

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