Assessing central serous chorioretinopathy with deep learning and multiple optical coherence tomography images

Junseo Ko, Jinyoung Han, Jeewoo Yoon, Ji In Park, Joon Seo Hwang, Jeong Mo Han, Kyu Hyung Park, Daniel Duck Jin Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) is one of the most common macular diseases that can reduce the quality of life of patients. This study aimed to build a deep learning-based classification model using multiple spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images together to diagnose CSC. Our proposed system contains two modules: single-image prediction (SIP) and a final decision (FD) classifier. A total of 7425 SD-OCT images from 297 participants (109 acute CSC, 106 chronic CSC, 82 normal) were included. In the fivefold cross validation test, our model showed an average accuracy of 94.2%. Compared to other end-to-end models, for example, a 3D convolutional neural network (CNN) model and a CNN-long short-term memory (CNN-LSTM) model, the proposed system showed more than 10% higher accuracy. In the experiments comparing the proposed model and ophthalmologists, our model showed higher accuracy than experts in distinguishing between acute, chronic, and normal cases. Our results show that an automated deep learning-based model could play a supplementary role alongside ophthalmologists in the diagnosis and management of CSC. In particular, the proposed model seems clinically applicable because it can classify CSCs using multiple OCT images simultaneously.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1831
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

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