Artificial neural network for Slice Encoding for Metal Artifact Correction (SEMAC) MRI

Sunghun Seo, Won Joon Do, Huan Minh Luu, Ki Hwan Kim, Seung Hong Choi, Sung Hong Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: To develop new artificial neural networks (ANNs) to accelerate slice encoding for metal artifact correction (SEMAC) MRI. Methods: Eight titanium phantoms and 77 patients after brain tumor surgery involving metallic neuro-plating instruments were scanned using SEMAC at a 3T Skyra scanner. For the phantoms, proton-density, T1-, and T2-weighted images were acquired for developing both multilayer perceptron (MLP) and convolutional neural network (CNN). For the patients, T2-weighted images were acquired for developing CNN. All networks were trained with the SEMAC factor 4 or 6 as input and the factor 12 as label, yielding an acceleration factor of 3 or 2. Performance of the CNN model was compared against parallel imaging and compressed sensing on the phantom datasets. Two extra T1-weighted in vivo sets were acquired to investigate generalizability of the models to different contrasts. Results: Both multilayer perceptron and CNN provided artifact-suppressed images better than the input images and comparable to the label images visually and quantitatively, a trend observable regardless of input SEMAC factor and image type (P <.01). CNN suppressed the artifacts better than multilayer perceptron, parallel imaging, and compressed sensing (P <.01). Tests on the patient datasets demonstrated clear metal artifact suppression visually and quantitatively (P <.01). Tests on T1 datasets also demonstrated clear visual metal artifact suppression. Conclusion: Our study introduced a new effective way of artificial neural networks to accelerate SEMAC MRI while maintaining the comparable quality of metal artifact suppression. Application on the preliminary patient datasets proved the feasibility in clinical usage, which warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
StateAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2019



  • artificial neural network
  • convolutional neural network
  • metal artifact
  • multilayer perceptron
  • U-net

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