Applying a mixed methods design for needs assessment of an international fellowship training program for Mongolian health professions

Nomin Amgalan, Jwa Seop Shin, Seung Hee Lee, Oyungoo Badamdorj, Hyun Bae Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: Continuing professional development is essential for improving health care services, especially in developing countries. Most of the training programs in Mongolia were not based on a targeted needs assessment. Therefore, we aimed to apply a mixed methods design to assess the training needs of Mongolian health professions. Methods: We conducted a needs assessment using a convergent parallel mixed methods design in two steps. The survey and interview questions were developed to identify priority areas, targeted trainees, and effective training methods. A survey on 60 respondents, 15 individual interviews, and a focus group interview with 14 participants were conducted in the first step. In the second step, 12 representatives of key stakeholders were invited to a second focus group interview. Results: Current health policy areas, areas related to future national plans, and areas not currently receiving governmental or international support were suggested as the main priorities. The stakeholder suggested that trainees should be selected based on their professional experience and language level, as well as each hospital's needs. Building teams including various professions, such as nurses, technicians, and biomedical engineers, was recommended as a way to exchange ideas with each other and to build teamwork for future collaboration. Conclusion: Medical training needs are dynamic and complex; therefore, a deep understanding of the context and setting is necessary. In this study, we assessed the targeted training needs of Mongolian health professions through a mixed methods design, which could be an effective way to conduct needs assessments for training programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-237
Number of pages11
JournalKorean Journal of Medical Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2019


  • A mixed methods design
  • Health professions
  • Needs assessment
  • Training program

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