Application of QPLEX TM biomarkers in cognitively normal individuals across a broad age range and diverse regions with cerebral amyloid deposition

Dongjoon Lee, Jong Chan Park, Keum Sim Jung, Jiyeong Kim, Ji Sung Jang, Sunghoon Kwon, Min Soo Byun, Dahyun Yi, Gihwan Byeon, Gijung Jung, Yu Kyeong Kim, Dong Young Lee, Sun Ho Han, Inhee Mook-Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The deposition of beta-amyloid (Aβ) in the brain precedes the onset of symptoms such as cognitive impairment in Alzheimer’s disease (AD); therefore, the early detection of Aβ accumulation is crucial. We previously reported the applicability of the QPLEXTM Alz plus assay kit for the prescreening of Aβ accumulation. Here, we tested the specific application of the kit in a large cohort of cognitively normal (CN) individuals of varying ages for the early detection of Aβ accumulation. We included a total of 221 CN participants with or without brain Aβ. The QPLEXTM biomarkers were characterized based on age groups (1st–3rd tertile) and across various brain regions with cerebral amyloid deposition. The 3rd tertile group (>65 years) was found to be the most suitable age group for the application of our assay kit. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC, discrimination power) was 0.878 with 69.7% sensitivity and 98.4% specificity in the 3rd tertile group. Additionally, specific correlations between biomarkers and cerebral amyloid deposition in four different brain regions revealed an overall correlation with general amyloid deposition, consistent with previous findings. Furthermore, the combinational panel with plasma Aβ1–42 levels maximized the discrimination efficiency and achieved an AUC of 0.921 with 95.7% sensitivity and 67.3% specificity. Thus, we suggest that the QPLEXTM Alz plus assay is useful for prescreening brain Aβ levels in CN individuals, especially those aged >65 years, to prevent disease progression via the early detection of disease initiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-71
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental and Molecular Medicine
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

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