Analgesia before a spinal block for femoral neck fracture: Fascia iliaca compartment block

M. J. Yun, Y. H. Kim, M. K. Han, J. H. Kim, J. W. Hwang, S. H. Do

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Abstract

Background: In this prospective randomized study, the authors compared the analgesic effect of a fascia iliaca compartment (FIC) block with that of intravenous (i.v.) alfentanil when administered to facilitate positioning for spinal anaesthesia in elderly patients undergoing surgery for a femoral neck fracture. Methods: The 40 patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups, namely, the FIC group (fascia iliaca compartment block, n=20) and the IVA group (intravenous analgesia with alfentanil, n=20). Group IVA patients received a bolus dose of i.v. alfentanil 10 μg/kg, followed by a continuous infusion of alfentanil 0.25 μg/kg/min starting 2 min before the spinal block, and group FIC patients received a FIC block with 30 ml of ropivacaine 3.75 mg/ml (112.5 mg) 20 min before the spinal block. Visual analogue pain scale (VAS) scores, time to achieve spinal anaesthesia, quality of patient positioning, and patient acceptance were compared. Results: VAS scores during positioning (mean and range) were lower in the FIC group than in the IVA group [2.0 (1-4) vs. 3.5 (2-6), P=0.001], and the mean (± SD) time to achieve spinal anaesthesia was shorter in the FIC group (6.9 ± 2.7 min vs. 10.8 ± 5.6 min; P=0.009). Patient acceptance (yes/no) was also better in the FIC group (19/1) than in the IVA group (12/8)(P=0.008). Conclusions: An FIC block is more efficacious than i.v. alfentanil in terms of facilitating the lateral position for spinal anaesthesia in elderly patients undergoing surgery for femoral neck fractures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1282-1287
Number of pages6
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Volume53
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2009

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Femoral Neck Fractures
Fascia
Analgesia
Alfentanil
Spinal Anesthesia
Pain Measurement
Patient Positioning
Analgesics
Prospective Studies

Cite this

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title = "Analgesia before a spinal block for femoral neck fracture: Fascia iliaca compartment block",
abstract = "Background: In this prospective randomized study, the authors compared the analgesic effect of a fascia iliaca compartment (FIC) block with that of intravenous (i.v.) alfentanil when administered to facilitate positioning for spinal anaesthesia in elderly patients undergoing surgery for a femoral neck fracture. Methods: The 40 patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups, namely, the FIC group (fascia iliaca compartment block, n=20) and the IVA group (intravenous analgesia with alfentanil, n=20). Group IVA patients received a bolus dose of i.v. alfentanil 10 μg/kg, followed by a continuous infusion of alfentanil 0.25 μg/kg/min starting 2 min before the spinal block, and group FIC patients received a FIC block with 30 ml of ropivacaine 3.75 mg/ml (112.5 mg) 20 min before the spinal block. Visual analogue pain scale (VAS) scores, time to achieve spinal anaesthesia, quality of patient positioning, and patient acceptance were compared. Results: VAS scores during positioning (mean and range) were lower in the FIC group than in the IVA group [2.0 (1-4) vs. 3.5 (2-6), P=0.001], and the mean (± SD) time to achieve spinal anaesthesia was shorter in the FIC group (6.9 ± 2.7 min vs. 10.8 ± 5.6 min; P=0.009). Patient acceptance (yes/no) was also better in the FIC group (19/1) than in the IVA group (12/8)(P=0.008). Conclusions: An FIC block is more efficacious than i.v. alfentanil in terms of facilitating the lateral position for spinal anaesthesia in elderly patients undergoing surgery for femoral neck fractures.",
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Analgesia before a spinal block for femoral neck fracture : Fascia iliaca compartment block. / Yun, M. J.; Kim, Y. H.; Han, M. K.; Kim, J. H.; Hwang, J. W.; Do, S. H.

In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, Vol. 53, No. 10, 01.11.2009, p. 1282-1287.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analgesia before a spinal block for femoral neck fracture

T2 - Fascia iliaca compartment block

AU - Yun, M. J.

AU - Kim, Y. H.

AU - Han, M. K.

AU - Kim, J. H.

AU - Hwang, J. W.

AU - Do, S. H.

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N2 - Background: In this prospective randomized study, the authors compared the analgesic effect of a fascia iliaca compartment (FIC) block with that of intravenous (i.v.) alfentanil when administered to facilitate positioning for spinal anaesthesia in elderly patients undergoing surgery for a femoral neck fracture. Methods: The 40 patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups, namely, the FIC group (fascia iliaca compartment block, n=20) and the IVA group (intravenous analgesia with alfentanil, n=20). Group IVA patients received a bolus dose of i.v. alfentanil 10 μg/kg, followed by a continuous infusion of alfentanil 0.25 μg/kg/min starting 2 min before the spinal block, and group FIC patients received a FIC block with 30 ml of ropivacaine 3.75 mg/ml (112.5 mg) 20 min before the spinal block. Visual analogue pain scale (VAS) scores, time to achieve spinal anaesthesia, quality of patient positioning, and patient acceptance were compared. Results: VAS scores during positioning (mean and range) were lower in the FIC group than in the IVA group [2.0 (1-4) vs. 3.5 (2-6), P=0.001], and the mean (± SD) time to achieve spinal anaesthesia was shorter in the FIC group (6.9 ± 2.7 min vs. 10.8 ± 5.6 min; P=0.009). Patient acceptance (yes/no) was also better in the FIC group (19/1) than in the IVA group (12/8)(P=0.008). Conclusions: An FIC block is more efficacious than i.v. alfentanil in terms of facilitating the lateral position for spinal anaesthesia in elderly patients undergoing surgery for femoral neck fractures.

AB - Background: In this prospective randomized study, the authors compared the analgesic effect of a fascia iliaca compartment (FIC) block with that of intravenous (i.v.) alfentanil when administered to facilitate positioning for spinal anaesthesia in elderly patients undergoing surgery for a femoral neck fracture. Methods: The 40 patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups, namely, the FIC group (fascia iliaca compartment block, n=20) and the IVA group (intravenous analgesia with alfentanil, n=20). Group IVA patients received a bolus dose of i.v. alfentanil 10 μg/kg, followed by a continuous infusion of alfentanil 0.25 μg/kg/min starting 2 min before the spinal block, and group FIC patients received a FIC block with 30 ml of ropivacaine 3.75 mg/ml (112.5 mg) 20 min before the spinal block. Visual analogue pain scale (VAS) scores, time to achieve spinal anaesthesia, quality of patient positioning, and patient acceptance were compared. Results: VAS scores during positioning (mean and range) were lower in the FIC group than in the IVA group [2.0 (1-4) vs. 3.5 (2-6), P=0.001], and the mean (± SD) time to achieve spinal anaesthesia was shorter in the FIC group (6.9 ± 2.7 min vs. 10.8 ± 5.6 min; P=0.009). Patient acceptance (yes/no) was also better in the FIC group (19/1) than in the IVA group (12/8)(P=0.008). Conclusions: An FIC block is more efficacious than i.v. alfentanil in terms of facilitating the lateral position for spinal anaesthesia in elderly patients undergoing surgery for femoral neck fractures.

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