Age, Body Mass Index, and Spur Size Associated with Patients’ Symptoms in Plantar Fasciitis

Bong Wan Cho, Ji Hye Choi, Hee Soo Han, Woo Young Choi, Kyoung Min Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain affecting 10% of the general population. This study aimed to investigate the specific symptoms in patients with plantar fasciitis using the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) questionnaire and their relationship with demographic and radiographic factors. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 73 consecutive patients (mean age, 53.8 ± 10.0 years; 20 men and 53 women) with plantar fasciitis who had visited our foot and ankle clinic and undergone weight-bearing foot X-ray examinations. Their demographic data, anteroposterior and lateral talo-first metatarsal angles, intermetatarsal and hallux valgus angles, and responses to the FAOS questionnaire were recorded. Results: The quality-of-life subscale showed the lowest score of all FAOS subscales. Age was significantly correlated with quality of life (r = 0.297, p = 0.011), and body mass index was correlated with the function in sports and recreational activities (r = –0.251, p = 0.032). Age and body mass index were statistically significantly correlated with calcaneal spur size (r = 0.274, p = 0.027 and r = 0.324, p = 0.008, respectively). The calcaneal spur size was significantly correlated with pain (r = –0.348, p = 0.004), function in daily living (r = –0.410, p = 0.001), and function in sports and recreational activities (r = –0.439, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Demographic factors were associated with specific symptoms in patients with plantar fasciitis. Calcaneal spur size was the only radiographic parameter correlated with symptoms. These findings help communicate with patients, set appropriate treatment goals, and evaluate treatment effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)458-465
Number of pages8
JournalCiOS Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Demographic
  • Foot and Ankle Outcome Score
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Radiographic
  • Symptom

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