Additional tying on the adjustable-loop device improves the outcomes of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using hamstring autograft

Han Gyeol Choi, Ho Won Jeong, Sung Bae Park, Seung Jae Shim, Yong Seuk Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to verify the efficacy of a novel technique for additional tying on the adjustable-loop device to prevent stress concentration on the graft loop end and gradual loop lengthening. Methods: A total of 124 patients who underwent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using hamstring autografts from 2014 to 2017 were included in this retrospective study. After 1:1 propensity score matching, two groups were formed (group I: 50 patients without tying vs. group II: 50 patients with tying). Anterior laxity was evaluated using side-to-side differences. Tunnel length, loop length, and graft-tunnel gap were measured using follow-up magnetic resonance imaging. The signal-to-noise ratio was calculated at the loop end, loop inner side, tunnel entrance, and graft mid-substance. The clinical outcomes were assessed using the International Knee Documentation Committee score, Lysholm score, pivot shift test, and Lachman test. Results: The average follow-up period was 63.2 ± 4.8 and 53.8 ± 11.9 months in groups I and II, respectively. Anterior laxity showed that side-to-side differences improved significantly 6 months postoperatively in both the groups. Although the anterior laxity improved in group II (2.9 ± 1.0 to 1.6 ± 0.8, p < 0.001), it deteriorated in group I (2.5 ± 1.5 to 3.3 ± 1.3 mm, p < 0.001) at the final follow-up. The graft-tunnel gap was significantly larger in group I (p < 0.001). The signal-to-noise ratios of the loop end and loop inner side were significantly higher in group I (p < 0.001 and p = 0.020, respectively). The clinical outcomes at the final follow-up were not significantly different between the groups. Conclusion: The additional tying on the adjustable-loop device was not superior to the control group in clinical stability examination or outcome. However, it was effective in anterior laxity measured by stress radiographs, preventing stress on the adjustable-loop device, and gradual graft loop lengthening. Level of evidence: Level III.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3673-3680
Number of pages8
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Volume30
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Additional tying
  • Adjustable-loop
  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Cortical suspensory fixation
  • Disadvantage

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