A universal screening strategy for sars-cov-2 infection in intensive care units: Korean experience in a single hospital

Euijin Chang, Jae Sung Choi, Tae Yun Park, Seung Bin Kim, Suhui Ko, Yang Sun Kwon, Eun Jin Kim, Hyunju Song, Hwa Kyung Noh, Sang Won Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is not differentiated clinically from other respiratory infections, and intensive care units (ICUs) are vulnerable to in-hospital transmission due to interventions inducing respiratory aerosols. This study evaluated the effectiveness of universal SARS-CoV-2 screening in ICUs in terms of screened-out cases and reduction in anxiety of healthcare personnel (HCP). Materials and Methods: This prospective single-armed observational study was conducted in 2 ICUs of a single hospital. The number of patients diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection by the screening program and healthcare workers in ICUs that visited the SARS-CoV-2 screening clinic or infection clinic were investigated. Results: During the 7-week study period, no positive screening case was reported among a total of 142 patients. Among 86 HCP in the ICUs, only 2 HCP sought medical consultation for SARS-CoV-2 infection during the initial 2 weeks. Conclusion: A universal screening program for SARS-CoV-2 infection in ICUs with the coordination of other countermeasures in the hospital was reasonably effective in preventing in-hospital transmission in a pandemic situation and making clinical practices and HCP stable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-359
Number of pages8
JournalInfection and Chemotherapy
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • COVID
  • Intensive care unit
  • Nosocomial infection
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Screening

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