A phase II study of ibrutinib in combination with rituximab-cyclophosphamide-doxorubicin hydrochloride-vincristine sulfate-prednisone therapy in Epstein-Barr virus-positive, diffuse large B cell lymphoma (54179060LYM2003: IVORY study): results of the final analysis

Sang Eun Yoon, Seok Jin Kim, Dok Hyun Yoon, Youngil Koh, Yeung Chul Mun, Young Rok Do, Yoon Seok Choi, Deok Hwan Yang, Min Kyoung Kim, Gyeong Won Lee, Cheolwon Suh, Young Hyeh Ko, Won Seog Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positivity in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) provokes a critical oncogenic mechanism to activate intracellular signaling by LMP1. LMP1 specifically mimics the role of BTK-dependent B cell receptor. Therefore, a trial considering RCHOP therapy along with ibrutinib (I-RCHOP) in combination was conducted among patients with EBV-positive DLBCL. This study was an open-label, single-arm, prospective multicenter phase II clinical trial. Patients received 560 mg of ibrutinib with RCHOP every 3 weeks until 6 cycles were completed or progression or unacceptable toxicity was observed. The primary endpoint was objective response, while secondary endpoints included toxicity, progression-free survival, and overall survival. A matched case-control analysis was completed to compare the efficacy and toxicity of I-RCHOP and RCHOP, respectively, in EBV-positive DLBCL patients. From September 2016 to August 2019, 24 patients proven to have EBV-positive DLBCL in the tissue were enrolled and received I-RCHOP. Their median age was 58 years (range, 28–84 years). The objective overall response was 66.7%, including 16 patients who achieved complete response after 6 cycles. Patients aged younger than 65 years presented a superior OR (87.5%) as compared with those older than 65 years (25.0%; p = 0.01). In a matched case-control study, I-RCHOP therapy provoked a more favorable complete response rate (87.3%) than did RCHOP (68.8%) in those younger than 65 years. Treatment-related mortality was linked most frequently with I-RCHOP therapy (four patients presented with unusual infection without Gr3/4 neutropenia) in the older age group (age ≥ 65 years). In conclusion, in this phase II trial for EBV-positive DLBCL, I-RCHOP was effective but did not show a significant improvement in response and survival in comparison with RCHOP. Also, I-RCHOP promoted serious toxicity and treatment-related death in older patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1283-1291
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Hematology
Volume99
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Diffuse large B cell lymphoma
  • Epstein-Barr virus-positive
  • Ibrutinib
  • R-CHOP

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