A case of acute liver failure due to hepatitis E virus, liver transplantation, and development of de novo autoimmune hepatitis

Jae Kyun Choi, Soomin Ahn, Jai Young Cho, Young Rok Choi, Ho Seong Han, Boo ok Jang, Gwang Hyeon Choi, Eun Sun Jang, Jin Wook Kim, Sook Hyang Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Acute hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection could lead to acute liver failure (ALF), which requires liver transplantation (LT). HEV infection could progress to chronic infection in an immunosuppressed host. De novo autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a rare occurrence of AIH during post-LT immunosuppressive therapy in patients who underwent LT due to not AIH but some other etiology. Here, we report the first case of ALF due to HEV infection, the recurrence of HEV after LT that responded to ribavirin therapy, and then the development of de novo AIH showing a complete response to glucocorticoid therapy but multiple relapses after steroid withdrawal. This peculiar case suggests that HEV could have a pathogenic role in the development of the de novo AIH; additionally, this case report could help clinicians make therapeutic decisions in the post-LT condition.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTransplant Infectious Disease
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2020

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • acute liver failure
  • autoimmune hepatitis
  • hepatitis E virus
  • liver transplantation

Cite this